Difference Between Blue, Red, & Infrared

HealthLight produces products that have multiple colors: blue, red, and infrared. Why do we use different wavelengths? Two main reasons: depth of penetration and different biological effects.

Blue Light

Researchers have found that blue light wavelengths within the visible light spectrum (especially wavelengths between 400 and 470 nm) are intrinsically antimicrobial and do not require additional exogenous photosensitizers to exert an antimicrobial effect. These wavelengths within can photodynamically inactivate the cells of a wide spectrum of bacteria (Gram positive and negative) and fungi. Blue light shows great promise as a novel decontamination strategy for the nosocomial environment, as well as additional wider decontamination applications (e.g., wound closure during surgery). Blue light leads to energy transfer and the production of highly cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS), primarily singlet oxygen (O2) (1). 470nm light was also effective on both P. aeruginosa and S. aureus., but not as effective on S. aureus (2).

Infrared Light Therapy

According to Yadav & Gupta, there is some evidence that light can be used to promote repair in various musculoskeletal conditions. Pain and function improvements were enhanced when light was combined with conventional therapy (heat, electrical stimulation, friction massage and stretching) and applied two times weekly for four weeks. They recently published a case study demonstrating a very good clinical outcome in a patient with peripheral neuropathy. They treated this patient three times weekly for six weeks using near-IR (850nm) energy applied to the lumbosacral junction, the ankles and plantar surfaces of the feet. They saw significant improvements in sensation and function. They have also found that combining near-IR (850nm) with red light can improve the level of inhibition obtained (3).

One of the most dramatic aspects of light therapy is its triggering of the release of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is the body’s natural vasodilator – it widens the blood vessels and capillaries. After just 20 minutes of light therapy, blood flow is increased to nerves and other tissues, and this boost in local circulation lasts for several hours. Nitric oxide is also a messenger molecule that triggers healing processes in the body. By increasing the production of nitric oxide, infrared and red light therapy increases circulation, speeds healing and relieves pain.

To learn more about light therapy, watch Dr. Burke speak about the benefits below:

  1. Antibacterial Activity of Blue Light against Nosocomial Wound Pathogens Growing Planktonically and as Mature Biofilms
  2. Using Visible and Near-IR Light to Facilitate Photobiomodulation: A Review of Current Research
  3. Noninvasive red and near‐infrared wavelength‐induced photobiomodulation: promoting impaired cutaneous wound healing